Indigenous knowledge and observations of current trends

Seasonal weather patterns are changing.

Peoples across the Arctic report changes in the timing, length, and character of the seasons, including more rain in autumn and winter, and more extreme heat in summer.

  • "Sila [the weather and climate] has changed alright. It is a really late falltime now, and really fast and early springtime. Long ago the summer was short, but not anymore." Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada, 1999
  • "It used to be really nice weather long ago when I was a kid. Bad weather now. So many mosquitoes. Sometimes it was hot, sometimes cold – not like now. [Things happen at the] wrong time now, it is way different now. August used to be cool-off time, now it is hot. It is really short in the winter now." Edith Haogak, Sachs Harbour, Canada, 2000
  • "The weather has changed to worse and to us it is a bad thing. It affects mobility at work. In the olden days the permanent ice cover came in October… These days you can venture to the ice only beginning in December. This is how things have changed."Arkady Khodzinsky, Lovozero, Russia, 2002

Source & © ACIA Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment  (2004),
 Key Finding #8, p.96

Related publication:
Arctic Climate Change homeArctic Climate Change
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The Earth’s Greenhouse Effect

Observed Arctic Temperature, 1900 to Present

Observed sea ice September 1979 and September 2003

Surface Reflectivity

Projected Vegetation, 2090-2100

Arctic Marine Food Web

Map subregions sub-I

Map subregions sub-II

Map subregions sub-III

Map subregions sub-IV

Arctic Thermohaline Circulation

Carbon cycle in the Arctic

Projected Arctic Surface Air Temperatures

Freshwater food web

Projected opening of northern navigation routes

Factors influencing UV at the surface

1000 years of changes in carbon emissions

People of the Arctic

Projected Surface Air Temperature change 1990-2090

Melt of the Greenland Ice Sheet

An ice primer

Spruce Bark Beetle

Spruce Budworm

Peary Caribou

The Porcupine Caribou Herd

The Gwich’in and the Porcupine Caribou Herd

A permafrost primer

Seals Become Elusive for Inuit in Nunavut

Observed Climate Change Impacts in Sachs Harbour, Canada

Indigenous knowledge and observations of current trends

Case study of interacting changes: Saami reindeer herders

Indigenous knowledge and observations of current trends

Indigenous knowledge and observations of current trends

Indigenous knowledge and observations of current trends