Box 3.2 Programmes of work of the Convention


Key activities:

  • Analyse the status and trends of the world’s agricultural biodiversity
  • Identify management practices and technologies that promote the positive and mitigate the negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity
  • Strengthen the capacities of farmers and indigenous and local communities to sustainably manage agricultural biodiversity
  • Develop national plans or strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity


Key activities:

  • Assess the status and trends of biodiversity in dry and sub-humid lands
  • Identify specific areas of value for biodiversity
  • Develop indicators of dry and sub-humid land biodiversity
  • Build knowledge on ecological, physical and social processes affecting biodiversity
  • Identify local and global benefits derived from dry and sub-humid land biodiversity
  • Identify best management practices and promote measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity
  • Support sustainable livelihoods


Key activities:

  • Apply the Ecosystem Approach to forest management
  • Reduce the threats to forest biodiversity
  • Protect, recover and restore forest biodiversity
  • Promote the sustainable use of forest biodiversity
  • Promote the sharing of benefits resulting from the use of forest genetic resources
  • Enhance the institutional enabling environment
  • Address socio-economic failures and distortions
  • Increase public education, participation and awareness
  • Improve the assessment of forest biodiversity and understanding of ecosystem functioning
  • Improve information management for assessment and monitoring


Key activities:

  • Integrate biodiversity into water-resource and river-basin management and relevant sectoral plans and policies
  • Establish and maintain systems of protected inland water ecosystems
  • Prevent the introduction of invasive alien species
  • Encourage the application of low-cost technology and innovative approaches to water-resource management
  • Provide incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of inland water biodiversity
  • Develop an improved understanding of inland water biodiversity and the threats to inland water ecosystems
  • Apply rigorous impact assessments
  • Introduce monitoring arrangements for inland water biodiversity


Key activities:

  • Implement integrated marine and coastal area management (IMCAM)
  • Promote the conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal living resources
  • Establish and maintain effective marine and coastal protected areas
  • Prevent or minimize negative effects of mariculture
  • Prevent the introduction of invasive alien species


Key activities:

  • Prevent and mitigate the impacts of key threats to mountain biodiversity
  • Protect, recover and restore mountain biodiversity
  • Promote the sustainable use of mountain biological resources
  • Promote access to, and sharing of, benefits arising from the use of genetic resources
  • Maintain genetic diversity in mountain ecosystems
  • Enhance the legal, policy and institutional framework
  • Preserve knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities
  • Establish regional and transboundary collaboration
  • Improve identification, assessment and monitoring of mountain biodiversity
  • Improve research, cooperation, technology transfer and other forms of capacity-building
  • Increase public education, participation and awareness


Key activities:

  • Conserve and restore key terrestrial and marine ecosystems important for island biodiversity, societies and economies
  • Establish national and regional systems of protected areas to conserve viable populations of selected island species
  • Improve knowledge of and conserve the genetic material of significance to islands
  • Prevent the movement of invasive alien species between and within islands and develop long-term management plans for priority species
  • Implement climate change adaptation and mitigation measures in land-use and coastal zone planning and strategies

Source & © CBD  Global Biodiversity Outlook 2 (2006),
Chapter 3: Implementing the convention on biological diversity, p.48

Related publication:
Biodiversity (CBD) homeBiodiversity A Global Outlook
Other Figures & Tables on this publication:

Table 3.1 Strategic Plan scorecard

Table 4.1 Prospects for achieving the targets of the framework for assessing progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target

Table 2.1 Headline indicators for assessing progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target †

Figure 1.1 Biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and drivers of change

Figure 2.2 Locations reported by various studies as undergoing high rates of change in forest cover in the past few decades

Figure 2.8 Degree of protection of terrestrial ecoregions and large marine ecosystems (all IUCN Protected Areas Management Categories combined)

Figure 2.9 Frequency distribution of terrestrial ecoregions by percentage surface area under protection

Figure 2.11 Change the Marine Trophic Index (early 1950s to the present)

Figure 2.12 Impact classification based on river channel fragmentation and water flow regulation by dams on 292 of the world’s large river systems

Figure 2.13 Estimates of forest fragmentation due to anthropogenic causes

Figure 2.14 Status and trends in biological oxygen demand (BOD) of major rivers in five regions (1980-2005)

Figure 2.16 Estimated total reactive nitrogen deposition from the atmosphere (wet and dry) (early 1990s)

Figure 2.17 Number of alien species recorded in the Nordic terrestrial, freshwater and marine environment

Figure 2.19 Intensity of ecological footprint

Figure 4.1 Main direct drivers of change in biodiversity and ecosystems

Box 3.3 Principles, guidelines and other tools developed under the Convention

Box 1.1 The role of biodiversity in mitigating the impacts of natural disasters

Box 1.2 Contribution of ecosystem goods and services to national economies

Box 1.3 Millennium Development Goals

Box 2.1 Headline indicators for assessing progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target

Box 3.1 The Ecosystem Approach

Box 3.2 Programmes of work of the Convention

Box 3.4 The biodiversity-related conventions

Box 3.5 The business case for biodiversity

Box 4.1Summary of the main findings on biodiversity of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

Box 4.2 Policy options for the 2010 Biodiversity Target and beyond

Box 4.3 Elements of a strategy to reduce biodiversity loss

Box 5.1 Checklist of key actions for 2010

Figure 1.2 Economic benefits under alternative management practices

Figure 2.1 Annual net change in forest area by region (1990–2005)

Figure 2.3 Change in live coral cover across the Caribbean basin (1977-2002)

Figure 2.4 The Living Planet Index: trends in populations of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine species worldwide

Figure 2.5 Trends in European common birds in farmland and forest habitats

Figure 2.6 Red List Index for birds in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems, and in forest and shrubland/grassland habitats (1988-2004)

Figure 2.7 Trends in terrestrial surface under protected areas

Figure 2.10 Trends in mean trophic levels of fisheries landings (1950-2000)

Figure 2.15 Global trends in the creation of reactive nitrogen on Earth by human activity

Figure 2.18 Global Ecological Footprint

Figure 2.20 Aid activities targeting CBD objectives from 16 developed countries (1998-2003)

Figure 3.1 Participation in Convention processes

Figure 4.2 Links between food, energy and biodiversity loss

Figure 4.4 Outcomes for hunger reduction and biodiversity loss under the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment scenarios.