Table 19: Alcohol-related harm in different regions of the world (population weighted averages), DALYs (000s)

  Developing countries Developed countries World
very high or high mortality low mortality very low mortality only burden Former Socialist:low mortality
* dominated by alcohol use disorders (plus epilepsy and depression)
** other noncommunicable diseases, dominated by liver cirrhosis (plus diabetes)
# before reduction of – 1548 DALYs due to protective effects of vascular diseases
***[All WHO member states are classified into the following geographical regions and mortality strata:

Epidemiological Sub-Regions:

AFR - African Region
EMR - Eastern Mediterranean Region
EUR - European Region
AMR - Region of the Americas
SEAR - South-East Asian Region
WPR - Western Pacific Region

Mortality Strata:

A. Very low child, very low adult
B. Low child, low adult
C. Low child, high adult
D. High child, high adult
E. High child, very high adult

For more information on the different regions, see ]
Neuro-psychiatric conditions* and other NCD** 4369 33.2 12 006 47.0 6484 68.7 3601 30.7 26460 44.2
Alcohol use disorders 3885 29.5 5715 22.4 6318 65.8 2550 21.7 18469 31.7
Unintentional injuries 5033 38.2 5961 23.4 1571 16.4 3929 33.5 16494 28.3
Intentional injuries 1689 12.8 2940 11.5 558 5.8 1874 16.0 7061 12.1
Total alcohol related burden in DALYs 13 165 100.0 25 519 100.0 9445# 100.0 11742 100.0 58323 100.0
Total burden of disease in DALYs 845 628   411268   115246   100250   1472392  
% of total disease burden which is alcohol related 1.6   6.2   8.3   11.7   4.0  

Source: Rehm et al. (2003d); WHO (2001c, p. 150) (also available ); own calculations

Source: WHO  Global Status Report on Alcohol 2004, p.54

Related publication:
Alcohol homeAlcohol
Other Figures & Tables on this publication:

Table 4: Top 20 countries with highest beverage-specific adult per capita [APC] consumption

Table 6: Rate of last year abstainers among the adult population

Table 7: Heavy drinkers among the adult population

Table 8: Heavy episodic drinkers among the adult population

Table 9: Alcohol dependence among adult population

Table 10: Heavy episodic drinkers among youths

Table 11: Heavy episodic drinkers among young adults aged 18-24 years old

Table 13: Relative risks for beneficial alcohol-related health effects for different drinking categories (compared to abstainers)

Table 15: Attributable fractions of acute alcohol-related health effects in the adult general population

Table 16: Global burden of disease in 2000 attributable to alcohol according to major disease categories (DALYs in 000s)

Table 17: Burden of disease in 2000 attributable to tobacco, alcohol and drugs by developing status and sex

Table 18: Characteristics of adult alcohol consumption in different regions of the world 2000 (population weighted averages)

Table 19: Alcohol-related harm in different regions of the world (population weighted averages), DALYs (000s)

Table 20: Selected population alcohol-attributable fractions, by disease category, sex and level of development (% DALYs for each cause) in 2000

Table 21: Standardized mortality rates (per 100 000) for acute and chronic disease and injury, by WHO regional subgroupings (data shown is for most recent year available)

Table 21 [bis]: Social and economic costs of alcohol abuse for selected countries

Figure 3: Population weighted means of the recorded adult per capita consumption in the WHO Regions 1961-1999

Figure 4: Model of alcohol consumption, mediating variables, and short-term and longterm consequences

Figure 5: Global disease burden (in DALYs) in 2001 from alcohol use disorders, by age group and sex

Figure 6: Global deaths in 2001 from alcohol use disorders, by age group and sex

Footnote on the meaning of "adults"

Table 3: Total recorded alcohol per capita consumption (15+)

Table 5: Estimated volume of unrecorded consumption in litres of pure alcohol per capita for population older than 15 for the years after 1995

Case example 1: India

Case example 2: Venezuela

Case example 3: Malaysia

Case example 4: Uganda

Case example 5: Botswana

Case example 6: Ethiopia

Case example 7: Egypt

Case example 8: Ghana

Case example 9: Kenya

Case example 10: United Republic of Tanzania

Case example 1: Botswana

Case example 2: Nepal

Case example 3: Cameroon

Case example 4: India

Case example 5: Malaysia