Highlights of recent scientific reports

These are highlights of recent scientific reports that cover, in a few questions, the essential points of the reports.

Acrylamide in food home

Acrylamide can be formed in many fried and baked food products. Is there a risk to health? More...

Latest update: 10 March 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Air quality in Europe home

Air quality remains an important issue for public health, the economy and the environment. More...

Latest update: 15 May 2014

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Antibiotic resistance home

The misuse of antibiotics has led to the emergence of resistant bacteria. What has caused it and how can the spread of resistance be limited? More...

Latest update: 30 September 2014

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Aspartame home

Aspartame is one of the most widely used artificial sweetener, is it safe? More...

Latest update: 28 March 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Bee losses home

Are the causes of bee losses now well identified ? More...

Latest update: 20 March 2014

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Biochar home

Biochar can be used as fuel or as a fertilizer, and is particularly relevant to developing countries. More...

Latest update: 4 March 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Cadmium home

How does cadmium affect human health and the environment? More...

Latest update: 10 January 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Cancer rates and mortality, types and causes home

This is a synthesis which looks at the evolution of cancer rates and its related mortality, as well as at the main types of cancer and the main known causes and prevention means. More...

Latest update: 27 December 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Chlorine Sodium Hypochlorite home

Chlorine and sodium hypochlorite are widely used for disinfection and bleaching, among other things to disinfect drinking water. It appears that the usage guidelines recommend since several years are still adequate in 2017. More...

Latest update: 5 May 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Climate Change Mitigation home

The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the IPCC was prepared by three working groups More...

Latest update: 25 August 2014

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Food & Agriculture home

Climate change poses a threat to food security; what are the strategies and policies that could help address this problem? More...

Latest update: 28 June 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Climate impacts adaptation home

This is a summary of the contribution of the working group II to the IPCC’s fifth assessment, evaluating various aspects of climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. More...

Latest update: 25 August 2014

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Climate impact of shale gas home

What are the greenhouse gas emissions and climate implications of shale gas exploitation? More...

Latest update: 10 February 2015

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Estrogen-progestogen cancer risk home

Combined estrogen-progestogen pills are used both as oral contraceptives and for hormone therapy in menopausal women.

How is their use linked to cancer risks? More...

Latest update: 7 March 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Endocrine disrupting properties of pesticides home

The european regulations on pesticides have brought forward a debate on the concepts of risk and hazard in this particular context. More...

Latest update: 28 June 2016

Summary available in [en] [fr

Fukushima Consequences home

What are the causes and consequences accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant? More...

Latest update: 12 September 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Thorium nuclear fuel home

Currently, nuclear reactors use enriched uranium as a fuel source, but uranium is relatively rare.

What are the challenges and advantages of using thorium as nuclear fuel? More...

Latest update: 15 May 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Effects of cannabis home

Are teens well informed about the risks associated with cannabis? What are those risks ? More...

Latest update: 1 April 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Endocrine disruptors risks home

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can influence the functioning of the system of hormones and receptors that regulate the body.

What are the risks associated with those chemicals? More...

Latest update: 1 May 2015

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Soils degradation home

Soil is a vital resource for food security, but in Europe it is being degraded by pollution, overuse, and erosion. How could soil be protected? More...

Latest update: 10 March 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Acupuncture home

Acupuncture is used more and more, is it safe and effective? More...

Latest update: 15 October 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Chemical Mixtures home

There is increasing concern in the general public about the potential toxic effects of chemical substance mixtures (in the media often referred to as “cocktail-effects”). More...

Latest update: 17 June 2014

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Food Wastage home

It is estimated by the FAO that each year, one-third of produced for all food human consumption in the world is lost or wasted. This has impacts for food security and for the environment. More...

Latest update: 20 February 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Arctic Climate Change home

The Arctic is warming faster than the rest of the planet, and in a region where ice and snow are so present, this has deep impacts. How will environments and populations worldwide adapt to these changes? More...

Latest update: 30 May 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr] [nl

Gluten intolerance home

What is intolerance to gluten? More...

Latest update: 11 March 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Glyphosate and cancer home

What explains such a difference in the classification of glyphosate between the evaluations conducted by IARC and EFSA? More...

Latest update: 24 April 2016

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Aquatic environment home

Are the fresh and marine waters of Europe safe from pollution? More...

Latest update: 10 March 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) home

PFOA is a compound used in the production of materials with water- or oil-repellant properties, such as waterproof fabrics and non-stick cookware. Is its presence in finished products a risk? More...

Latest update: 31 March 2017

Summary available in [de] [en] [fr

Risks of nanoparticles and nanomaterials home

New scientific methods have to be developped since current methods may not be relevant to testing nanomaterials. More...

Latest update: 28 September 2016

Summary available in [de] [en] [fr

Fukushima accident home

What are the health impacts of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident for the workers and for the general population? More...

Latest update: 27 April 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Impacts of a 4°C global warming home

The current policies that address climate change are likely to lead to an increase in global temperature of 4°C before the end of this century.

What are the consequences of such a warming? More...

Latest update: 30 September 2013

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Chronic Diseases on Labour Practices home

What is their economic impact on labour market? More...

Latest update: 25 November 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

India Millennium Development Goals home

How did India fare in meeting the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals? More...

Latest update: 12 April 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Lyme Disease home

What is the treatment? More...

Latest update: 25 July 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Evaluation of endocrine disruptors home

Some chemicals can interact with the endocrine system and cause health problems. These 'endocrine disruptors' are difficult to evaluate in terms of health risks.

Are current methods adequate? More...

Latest update: 30 August 2013

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Nanosafety home

The rapid development of nanotechnology created some concerns about their possible effects on human health and safety, and environmental burden. More...

Latest update: 31 July 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Neonicotinoids home

Do neonicotinoid pesticides have an effect on services provided by ecosystems? More...

Latest update: 8 March 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Aluminium exposure home

Aluminium is widely used in food packaging, appliances, as part of food additives, cosmetics, etc.

Does it pose a health risk? More...

Latest update: 24 February 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Pesticides occupational risks home

We review the scientific literature regarding the health risks associated with occupational exposure to pesticides. More...

Latest update: 7 June 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Phosphate resources home

How can phosphate resources be managed to ensure food security? More...

Latest update: 16 March 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Poly brominated flame retardant decaBDE home

Flame retardants are used in the production of many fabrics, plastics and other materials to make them more resistant to catching fire. Are those products safe? More...

Latest update: 23 March 2017

Summary available in [de] [en] [fr

Substitution of harmful chemicals home

What are the challenges that are posed by this substitution process ? More...

Latest update: 30 April 2016

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Shale Gas home

New sources of gas are being increasingly being mobilized in order to meet the demand.

One such important source is shale gas, which needs for extraction a process called « hydraulic fracturing », what are the potential health and environmental risks of it? More...

Latest update: 30 September 2013

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Transgenic salmon home

Is the AquAdvantage transgenic salmon safe for human consumption and for the environment? More...

Latest update: 23 November 2015

Summary available in [en

Aspartame Reevaluation home

Aspartame is a sweetener that is in use for several decades.

The latest data has recently been reviewed by the European Food Safety Authority in the context of a systematic re-evaluation of all food additives in use in Europe. More...

Latest update: 30 November 2014

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Safety of sunscreens home

Zinc oxide (ZnO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are used in sunscreens. Are they safe? More...

Latest update: 29 June 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

Benzodiazepines home

Benzodiazepines are a class of pharmaceutical drugs that are widely prescribed for insomnia, anxiety, depression, and a range of other conditions.How should they be used, considering that dependance and tolerance can develop with continued use? More...

Latest update: 26 June 2017

Summary available in [en] [fr

State of the European Environment home

A comprehensive assessment of Europe’s progress towards achieving environmental sustainability. More...

Latest update: 20 September 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Vaccines home

Vaccination saves millions of lives each year. How do they work and is there still progress to be made? More...

Latest update: 30 September 2014

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Ozone layer depletion home

Following the implementation of the ban on CFCs, the ozone layer has been slowly recovering. What is its state and how is it linked to climate change? More...

Latest update: 27 April 2017

Summary available in [de] [en] [fr

Solar Energy home

Solar power has become significantly cheaper in the last few years, and installed capacity has grown substantially in the same period. What are the advances that are needed to reduce the cost further and deploy the technology on a larger scale ? More...

Latest update: 21 November 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Electronic Cigarettes home

Electronic cigarettes are growing more and more popular. What is their effect on health?

Can they have an impact on tobacco control? More...

Latest update: 29 April 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Sand Extraction home

The extensive use of sand and gravel in the production of concrete is having consequences on the environment.

What exactly is happening ? More...

Latest update: 30 October 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Tidal Energy home

Tidal energy is a predictable renewable energy source. What is the potential or this energy source? More...

Latest update: 30 August 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Pharmaceuticals environment home

The pollution of the various compartments of the environment (water, soil and air) with pharmaceutical residues is an environmental concern More...

Latest update: 26 March 2015

Summary available in [de] [en] [es] [fr

Sustainable oceans home

How can we ensure that the sustainable use of the services and resouces that the oceans offer ? More...

Latest update: 29 March 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Illicit drugs in Europe home

This report is a comprehensive overview and summary of Europe’s illicit drugs situation.

It provides insights into key trends, responses and policies. More...

Latest update: 28 September 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Indonesian forests home

More forest is cut down each year in Indonesia than in any other country.

What can be done to preserve Indonesia’s forests ? More...

Latest update: 25 October 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Wastewater management home

How can we better manage our wastewater in order to relieve some of the pressure on water resources? More...

Latest update: 18 March 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Health Environment Management home

Worldwide, the fraction of the global burden for both death and disease associated to environmental risks is 22%.

To what extent can environmental management better protect people’s health? More...

Latest update: 5 November 2016

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Geothermal Energy home

Geothermal energy comes from the natural heat of the earth. It is used in some areas for electricity production and heating. What is the place of geothermal energy in the energy mix? More...

Latest update: 8 April 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Wind Resources home

Wind blows everywhere on the planet, and can be converted to electricity by wind turbines.

How much wind power capacity is there in the world? More...

Latest update: 20 November 2015

Summary available in [en] [es] [fr

Themes covered
Publications A-Z