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Cholera

Definition:

Cholera is a devastating and, sometimes, lethal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera.

Cholera usually spreads through contaminated water.

The symptoms are intense vomiting and extreme watery diarrhoea leading to dehydration, which, unless immediately treated, may be fatal.

Cholera can easily be cured by rehydration and administration of salts and electrolytes

Source: WHO, Treatment of Cholera 

More:

Cholera has been eliminated in industrialized countries, however it is still common in Asia, the Middle East, Latin America, and particularly India and sub-Saharan Africa.

The risk of cholera epidemic is highest when poverty, war or natural disasters force people to live in crowded conditions such as refugee camps without adequate sanitation, a common cause of cholera outbreaks.

Source: GreenFacts, based on MayoClinic.com Cholera 

Related words:

Bacteria

Translation(s):

Español: Cólera
Français: Choléra
Nederlands: cholera

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