Measles is a highly infectious skin
disease caused by a virus (fam.
Paramyxoviridae). It tends to occur as epidemics and remains a leading cause of
death among young children. It is transmitted by nose and throat secretions.
Unimmunized children under five years of age, and especially infants, are at
highest risk for measles and its complications, including death.
Infected infants may suffer from severe diarrhoea, possibly causing
dehydration, inflammation of the middle ear
and severe respiratory tract infections.
Source: GreenFacts, based on US National Institue of Health