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Meningitis

Definition:

Meningitis is usually caused by viruses or bacteria transmitted through droplets of respiratory or throat secretions. Meningitis has a high potential to cause epidemics.

The infection, if untreated, results in an inflammation of the meninges, the thin lining that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord.

This inflammation can produce a wide range of symptoms, including fever, headache, or confusion and, in extreme cases, can cause brain damage, stroke, seizures, or even death.

Even when the disease is diagnosed early and adequate therapy instituted, 5% to 10% of patients die, typically within 24-48 hours of onset of symptoms.

Source: GreenFacts, based on WHO, Meningococcal meningitis 

Translation(s):

Español: Meningitis
Français: Méningite

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