Meningitis is usually caused by viruses
or bacteria transmitted through droplets of
respiratory or throat secretions. Meningitis has a high potential to cause
The infection, if untreated, results in
an inflammation of the meninges, the thin
lining that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord.
This inflammation can produce a wide range of symptoms, including fever,
headache, or confusion and, in extreme cases, can cause brain damage,
stroke, seizures, or even death.
Even when the disease is diagnosed early and adequate therapy instituted, 5%
to 10% of patients die, typically within 24-48 hours of onset of symptoms.
Source: GreenFacts, based on WHO,