Similar term(s): Non-human primates (NHPs).
Biological order that comprises prosimans, monkeys, apes, among which humans.
Compared to other mammals, they have large brains, as well as an increased
reliance on vision that allows depth perception. Most primates live in tropical
or subtropical regions of the Americas, Africa and Asia.
The Primates order has traditionally been divided into prosimians and simians.
- Prosimians resemble the earliest primates and include
the lemurs of Madagascar, lorisiforms and Aye-aye.
- Simians including:
- the New World monkeys of South and Central America, which include
the capuchin, howler and squirrel monkeys;
- the Old World Monkeys of Africa and southeastern Asia such as
baboons and macaques;
- the Apes among which lesser apes such as gibbons and great
apes such as gorillas, chimpanzees and humans.
Simplified phylogenetic tree