Shigella is a type of bacteria that are a
major cause of diarrhoea and dysentery – diarrhoea with blood and mucus in the
stools – throughout the world.
The bacteria are transmitted by ingestion of contaminated food or water, or
through person-to-person contact. In the body, they can invade and destroy the
cells lining the large intestine, causing mucosal ulceration and bloody
Apart from diarrhoea, symptoms of Shigella infection include fever, abdominal
cramps, and rectal pain. Most patients recover without complications within
Shigellosis can be treated with
antibiotics, although some strains have
developed drug resistance.
Source: GreenFacts, based on WHO
Español: Shigella disentería