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Contaminación del Aire Ozono


Nivel 2 - Detalles sobre la Contaminación del Aire en inglés

  • Ozone
  • 1. What is Ozone (O3)
  • 2. How does Ozone (O3) affect human health?
    • 2.1 Effects of long-term exposure to levels of Ozone observed currently in Europe
    • 2.2 Is Ozone per se responsible for effects on health?
    • 2.3 Are health effects of Ozone influenced by the presence of other air pollutants?
    • 2.4 Characteristics of individuals that may influence how Ozone affects them
    • 2.5 Is there a threshold below which nobody’s health is affected by Ozone?
  • 3. How are we exposed to Ozone (O3)?
    • 3.1 Critical sources of Ozone responsible for health effects
    • 3.2 Relationship between ambient levels and personal exposure to Ozone
    • 3.3 Short-term exposure to high peak levels or exposure in hot spots of Ozone
  • 4. Should current O3 guidelines be reconsidered?
    • 4.1 Have positive impacts on public health of Ozone reductions been shown?
    • 4.2 Averaging period most relevant for Ozone standards to protect human health
    • 4.3 Reconsideration of the current WHO Guidelines for Ozone
  • General issues & Recommendations
  • 5. What are the uncertainties regarding this study?
    • 5.1 Uncertainties of the WHO answers, guidelines, and risk assessments
    • 5.2 Consideration of publication bias in the review
    • 5.3 Consistency of epidemiological and toxicological evidence in defining thresholds
    • 5.4 Contribution of different sources to PM-related health effects
    • 5.5 Impact of methods of analysis used in epidemiological studies
    • 5.6 Possible regional characteristics modifying the effects of air pollution
  • 6. Are certain population groups particularly vulnerable?
  • 7. General Conclusions
    • 7.1 Recommendations
    • 7.2 What other aspects of air pollution are important to address in the development of air pollution policy in Europe?
    • 7.3 Concluding remarks

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Calidad del aire en Europa inicio
La calidad del aire sigue siendo una cuestión importante para la salud pública, la economía y el medio ambiente.
Calidad del aire interior inicio
Qué contaminantes del aire interior suscitan preocupación? ¿Cómo se puede determinar la calidad del aire interior?
Enfermedades respiratorias inicio
¿Qué factores influyen en la probabilidad de desarrollar dichas enfermedades?
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