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Bacterial resistance

Definition:

Bacterial resistance is the capacity of bacteria to withstand the effects of antibiotics or biocides that are intended to kill or control them.

Source: GreenFacts, based on the  SCENIHR opinion on Antibiotic Resistance Effects of Biocides

More:

The term "multiple resistance" (MR) or "multi-resistance" is used when a bacterial strain is resistant to several different antimicrobials or antimicrobial classes. For instance, multi-drug resistant tuberculosis is simultaneously resistant to a number of antibiotics belonging to different chemical classes.

Cross-resistant” bacteria are those that have developed survival methods that are effective against different types of antimicrobial molecules with similar mechanism(s) of action.

Bacteria can transfer bits of genetic material to other bacteria, and when genetic information coding for several unrelated resistance mechanisms is transferred in a single event and expressed in the new bacterial host it is referred to as “co-resistance”.

Source: GreenFacts, based on the  SCENIHR opinion on Antibiotic Resistance Effects of Biocides

Related words:

Antibiotics - Antimicrobial - Bacteria - Biocide(s) - Tuberculosis

To read about this term in context:

GreenFacts Summary on Effects of Biocides on antibiotic resistance:

Translation(s):

Deutsch: Bakterienresistenz
Español: Resistencia bacteriana
Français: Résistance bactérienne

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