AIDS status & challenges of the epidemic
1. Introduction: global targets on HIV/AIDS
In 2001, leaders from 189 UN Member States recognized that
was one of the most urgent issues of national and international
development. They signed the Declaration of Commitment on
to help reach the Millennium Development Goal of stopping and
beginning to reverse the
by 2015. They also agreed to meet detailed targets, for instance
in terms of funding, provision of information to young people,
and access to
Global targets adopted for 2005:
- Total annual
expenditure should amount to US$ 7 - 10 billion.
- 90% of young people aged 15 – 24 should be able to
correctly identify ways of preventing HIV transmission and
reject major misconceptions about HIV transmission.
- 80% of HIV-positive pregnant women should receive
- 50% of people with advanced HIV infection should
receive antiretroviral treatment.
- The share of young males and females, aged 15 – 24,
who are HIV-infected should be reduced by 25% in the most
- The share of infected infants born in 2005 to
HIV-positive mothers should be reduced by 20%.
Only the annual global expenditure target was fully achieved
in 2005 with US$8.3 billion spent on