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Biodiversity & Human Well-being


About this Digest on Biodiversity

  1. Sources for this Digest
  2. Current Status
  3. Digest Publication History
  4. Partnerships

1. Sources for this Digest

The material content of the texts on Level 3 is directly sourced from the "Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis " of the MA (Millennium Ecosystem Assesment), a leading scientific report produced in 2005 by a large international panel of scientists.

This MA report synthesizes and integrates findings related to biological diversity from the four MA Working Groups: Conditions and Trends, Scenarios, Responses and Sub-global Assessments, in response to requests for information received through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Involving some 1,360 of the world's leading experts, the MA is a partnership among several international organizations, including the Convention on Biological Diversity, U.N. Convention to Combat Desertification, Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, Convention on Migratory Species, five UN agencies (WHO, FAO, UNESCO, UNEP, UNDP), the World Bank, and IUCN.

The Levels 1 & 2 summaries of this report were written by the GreenFacts editorial team.

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2. Current Status

Approved for publication by the GreenFacts Scientific Board.

3. Digest Publication History

The GreenFacts two-tiered condensation of the Biodiversity Synthesis from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is excellent and accurately captures all of the critical issues of this report. The international team that produced this report will be gratified to see it available in your innovative format that is targeted for a wide audience. GreenFacts has done its usual terrific job of conveying complex material in an easily accessible format to the larger community.
Dr. Harold Mooney, Co-Chair of the Millennium Assessment Panel
There is no doubt: Biodiversity is essential for human well-being and survival. The European Union has promised to halt its loss by 2010. This summary is a stark reminder that we will not achieve this target with business as usual.
Achim Steiner, Director General of the World Conservation Union (IUCN)

The GreenFacts publication process is designed to ensure as high a degree of objectivity as possible.

First draft

The first draft of this Digest was produced by the GreenFacts Editorial Team on 27 February 2006.

Second draft

The second draft of this Digest has been produced on 23 March 2006 by the GreenFacts Team.

Peer review

The third draft of this study was produced on 28 March 2006 by GreenFacts after pre-review by experts from environmental and industrial organizations (see our  pre review form).

The third draft was peer reviewed by 3 independent scientists selected by the GreenFacts Scientific Board (see our  peer review form). These reviewers included for instance Neville Ash, Head of Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP-WCMC. Final corrections were added under the supervision of the GreenFacts Scientific Board in April 2006.


Final publication was authorized by the President of the GreenFacts Scientific Board on 26 April 2006. The online publication was accompanied by the publication of a paper foldout presenting the Level 1 summary (foldout) prepared in collaboration with a series of partners.

Press Release

17 May. 2006: International Day for Biological Diversity

29 May. 2006: Facts on Biodiversity

Updates or subsequent post-publication revisions

No update or revision at present.

4. Partnerships

The summaries have been written by GreenFacts in partnership with:

IUCN - The World Conservation Union The World Conservation Union (IUCN) brings together some 10 000 scientists and experts from 181 countries in a unique worldwide partnership to protect biodiversity and work for the sustainable use of natural resources. Within this framework, the IUCN Regional Office for Europe in Brussels has the mission to foster and fortify a European network of excellence in environmental research, policy and best practice. 
WCMC The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre is the biodiversity assessment and policy support arm of the United Nations Environment Programme, the world's foremost intergovernmental environmental organization. For over twenty-five years the Centre has been undertaking scientific research and providing practical policy advice to help decision makers recognise the value of biodiversity and apply this knowledge to all that they do. 
Countdown 2010 Countdown 2010 collaborates closely with countries, regions, and civil society to help governments reduce biodiversity loss by 2010. At the World Summit for Sustainable Development and other occasions, world leaders committed to achieve this 2010 biodiversity target and thus to meet the challenges outlined in this report. 

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